The court first attempts to find the ordinary meaning of the words, as they are commonly understood, but if the context clearly requires a particular or particular interpretation, the court will accept that particular meaning. Technical or scientific words generally have their technical or scientific significance, unless the context indicates something else.8 It is doubtful that there are so many exceptions to this rule that it now exists more as a principle than as a rule of law. It can be said that the principle is a presumption that the contract contains the whole agreement between the parties. The presumption can be set aside, so that if the parties want to ensure that the terms of the agreement between them are limited to what they wrote in the contract, they can add to the contract a full clause that expressly states that the contract contains the entire agreement between them. It is not uncommon for the importance of a treaty to be less clear than very clear. When courts are asked to interpret the importance of a contract, the courts try to give it the importance that the parties intended to terminate their contract. Different interpretive instruments are used. Businessmen often prefer to rely on “a man`s word” in a short letter, a handshake or “shared honesty and decency” – even if the transaction is subject to serious risks. Seven lawyers from law firms with business practices were interviewed. Five felt that businessmen often entered into contracts with a minimum level of advanced planning.
They lamented that businessmen want to “keep things simple and avoid bureaucracy”, even though large sums of money and considerable risks are at stake…. Another said that when negotiating, businessmen often speak only in pleasant generalities, think they have a contract, but fail to reach an agreement on one of the difficult and unpleasant issues until a lawyer requires them to do so. Stewart Macaulay, “Non-contractual Relations in Business: A Preliminary Study,” American Sociological Review 28, No. 1 (1963): 58-59. The English court sometimes uses certain “construction cannons” or “thumb rules” to bring justice between the parties. However, these principles are merely indications and the Tribunal will only apply them if it is not possible to find their meaning on the basis of the general rules of interpretation described above. The extent to which the individual is used depends on the circumstances. The analysis of the text should be further emphasized when it comes to complex agreements between the highly developed parties and with the help of qualified experts. Conversely, the business environment will play a greater role if the agreement is lacking informally or in detail. However, there are always exceptions and each case is decided on its own facts.6 Nevertheless, it is generally true that a written contract has at least three advantages over oral benefits, including those that are not prescribed by law. (1) The written contract generally avoids ambiguities.
(2) It can be both a communication device and an electricity allocation device, especially in large companies. By notifying different departments of formal requirements, the contract requires cooperation between sales, design, quality control and financial divisions. By defining requirements that the company must meet, it can entrust the power to take certain measures in the hands of either department. (3) In the event of further litigation, the written contract may immeasurably supplement the evidence of both the fact that a contract has been concluded and the terms of termination of the contract. The policy of detection of purposes has given rise to a number of instruments of judicial interpretation: this guide summarizes the general approach of the English courts to treaty-compliant interpretation. It examines the most important legal rules and principles of interpretation, including the general approach to interpreting explicit concepts and the building instruments available to the courts to help them achieve a fair outcome between the parties.1