Fishing Agreements

Private or charter agreements between companies in the EU and third countries. Access by third-country ships to EU waters, for example. B in overseas territories, is governed by access agreements with the EU. Currently, Venezuelan-flagged vessels are fishing in French Guiana and Seychelles-flagged vessels fishing in Mayotte. The EU Regulation of 11 December 2013 on the Common Fisheries Policy sets out the legal framework for Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreements (SFPA). The Council decides on the signing and provisional application of an agreement and protocol, as well as the distribution of fishing opportunities between Member States. After the Council`s signature, the European Parliament is invited to approve the conclusion. The EU`s sectoral support for coastal states is essential for building institutional capacity, developing scientific research and improving monitoring, monitoring and monitoring. However, major challenges remain, such as transparency and participation in the decision-making and implementation process, involving key players in the sector: local fishermen, fishing companies, scientists and NGOs, and ensuring that public funds support the common good. Other aspects of the SFPA can contribute to food security and the protection of local small-scale fishing.

This can be achieved through measures such as zoning, which is devoted to small-scale fishing, which supports better fisheries management and reserves some of the fish caught for landing, processing and consumption at the local or regional level. Bilateral SFPA agreements are currently in force, including their respective protocols. There are also agreements on several species and agreements of pure tuna. Negotiations on other agreements are ongoing. So many of the stocks involved are jointly exploited and quotas are exchanged to ensure that they are not wasted. Some of these stocks are managed by the Intergovernmental Northeast Atlantic Fisheries Agreement, established for the management of fisheries resources in the region, while others are managed by agreements between coastal states. These relate to the joint management of common stocks with Norway, Iceland and the Faroe Islands. EU vessels fish in Norwegian, Icelandic and flank waters under FAR licences, and vice versa.

As many stocks in the North Sea and North-East Atlantic are shared across maritime borders, the EU, Iceland, Norway and the Faroe Islands coordinate their fishing activities and trading quotas. These agreements are extremely important for a large part of the EU fleet, particularly for the agreement with Norway, which includes more than 2 billion euros in quotas. EU companies are also negotiating private agreements with some non-EU countries that give them private access to fisheries resources in the waters of these coastal states.

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